Evidence for the ancient ice ages is primarily provided by the existence of layers of tillite. This is a rock consisting of debris and boulders, which often rest on a grooved and polished bedrock pavement. Other evidence pointing to ice ages come from ice core drills and sea-floor sediment. Creationists believe that there was only one short ice age that formed as a consequence of the Great Flood. This resulted from changes in the atmosphere especially clouds , plus a blanket of dust particles which was caused by the massive volcanic activity that occurred during the flood. The evidences that supports a single, short ice age are:
Changing Views of the History of the Earth
Some isotopes of some elements are radioactive. Over naturally-occurring isotopes are known. How are isotopes used to calculate the age of rocks. This method is useful for igneous and metamorphic rocks, which cannot be dated by the stratigraphic correlation method used for sedimentary rocks. In these cases, usually the half-life radioactive isotopes dating rocks interest in radiometric dating is the longest one in the chain, which is the rate-limiting factor in the ultimate transformation of the radioactive nuclide into its stable daughter.
Secrets of the Giza Pyramids by Charles Marcello Everyone knows we live within a three dimensional universe, and that time equals the fourth dimension. While at the same time just about everyone has heard of E=MC2 the thing is, the Pyramids of Giza has both of those truths intertwined within their legends and their physical makeup.
I sat there thinking: Are we going to be out of oxygen pretty soon? My father was a logistics officer in the Indian Air Force, and we moved every two years or so. At one point we lived in the south of the country in a house surrounded by mango groves. I just loved to bite into them. But the juice of raw mangoes can be pretty nasty. My mom would always say: Wait until those mangoes ripen!
I learned a big lesson about patience when my mother died. I was 15 at the time, the oldest daughter, and I had to step into a motherly role with my younger sister. I also felt I had to take care of my dad. It was a big responsibility, and I had to learn to deal with the world from a completely different perspective.
What needs to be shown is that the early chapters constitute a reliable document, with an ancient and natural origin. Here we argue that the source material was part of an oral tradition already known in the third millennium BC. The biblical text is a distillation of that tradition, authenticated, paradoxically, by the very texts that are thought to discredit it.
The pre-scientific period before AD In the pre-scientific era the Biblical account and the speculations of the Greek philosophers were accepted without great question.
The sun, moon, and stars 2. The fish and the birds 3. The fertile earth 6. The land animals and humans 7. Rest and satisfaction In light of these correspondences, Kline interprets days one and four as different perspectives on the same event, and likewise days two and five, and three and six. He concludes that while the creation account is historical, historicity and narrative sequence are not the same thing, so the account need not—indeed, should not—be read as chronological at all.
And, of course, this nicely addresses Origen’s observation that days one, two and three could not be literal days before the sun, moon and stars existed to mark them and it also obviates the anachronistic modern question, relevant to all six days if they are literal, of the time zone by which God measured his evenings and mornings Garden of Eden Standard Time? Of course, Kline’s interpretation can be disputed. For instance, Collins , while recognizing the validity of the parallel structure in the days of creation and appreciating the implication that the precise lengths of time involved and the precise historical ordering of events was not the author’s focus and is not a matter of deep biblical importance, nonetheless resists Kline’s effort to condense the divine “workweek” into three days told from two different perspectives rather than six.
The fourth commandment in Exodus Furthermore, use of the Hebrew wayyiqtol verb form is prevalent in Genesis 1 and, since its ordinary narrative use is to indicate sequential events Collins , the implication seems to be that some sort of sequence—whether logico-metaphysical, teleological, or chronological—is intrinsic to the author’s portrayal.
In Her Own Words: Meenakshi Wadhwa
As with other creationists, our own confirmed Real Science Radio predictions have specifically contradicted the widespread and fundamental expectations of the big-bang and evolutionary camps, making them especially telling regarding the battle of the materialist and biblical worldviews. Even “vague” reply ok. Here are some of the general predictions from Real Science Radio: Partial confirmations appear at rsr.
Articles home page Creation vs. Evolution 0. Introduction and table of contents The following is an organized presentation on the creation vs. evolution controversy.
One of the scientists who found the tissue and published a paper on it in the peer-reviewed literature 1 Mark Armitage was subsequently fired from his position at California State University Northridge. He has sued the university , claiming that he was fired because of his religious views. Instead, this update is about the fossil itself. Samples from the fossil were sent to Dr. I wanted the soft tissue that was found in the fossil to be dated, but it was not.
According to a report in the journal Radiocarbon, bioapatite is actually preferable to soft tissue in many cases. As the report states:
The tradition in ancient Sumer
Leibnitz reworked Descartes’s cosmogony. Protogea was published much later in An essay toward a Natural History of the Earth. Woodward came down fairly strongly for the view that the flood was an act of God that could not be accounted for by normal physical processes. He also postulated hydrological sorting to account for the ordering of fossils.
During ice ages the boundary of the ice sheet is hypothesised to spread and contract in cycles. These cycles are called glacials and interglacials, and are said to last about , years.
Calendar era It is not known who invented the World era and when. Nevertheless, the first appearance of the term is in the treatise of a certain “monk and priest”, Georgios AD —39 , who mentions all the main variants of the “World Era” in his work. He also already regards it as the most convenient for the Easter computus. Complex calculations of the year lunar and year solar cycles within this world era allowed scholars to discover the cosmic significance of certain historical dates, such as the birth or the crucifixion of Jesus.
AD see Alexandrian Era. The era was ultimately calculated as starting on September 1, and Jesus was thought to have been born in the year since the creation of the world.
How mass spectrometer is used in radioactive dating
Making Sense of the Patterns This three-part series will help you properly understand radiometric dating, the assumptions that lead to inaccurate dates, and the clues about what really happened in the past. Most people think that radioactive dating has proven the earth is billions of years old. After all, textbooks, media, and museums glibly present ages of millions of years as fact.
Yet few people know how radiometric dating works or bother to ask what assumptions drive the conclusions. Each atom is thought to be made up of three basic parts.
The Byzantine calendar, also called “Creation Era of Constantinople” or “Era of the World” (Ancient Greek: Ἔτη Γενέσεως Κόσμου κατὰ Ῥωμαίους, also Ἔτος Κτίσεως Κόσμου or Ἔτος Κόσμου, abbreviated as ε.Κ.), was the calendar used by the Eastern Orthodox Church from c. .
A Twa hunter-gatherer in Uganda climbing a tree to gather honey. Nathaniel Dominy Early Human Ancestors May Have Walked AND Climbed for a Living Africa 31 December The results of recently conducted field studies on modern human groups in the Philippines and Africa are suggesting that humans, among the primates, are not so unique to walking upright as previously thought.
The findings have implications for some of our earliest possible ancestors, including the 3. Associate professor of anthropology Nathaniel Dominy of Dartmouth College, along with colleagues Vivek Venkataraman and Thomas Kraft, compared African Twa hunter-gatherers to agriculturalists living nearby, the Bakiga, in Uganda. In the Philippines, they compared the Agta hunter-gatherers to the Manobo agriculturalists.
They found that the Twa and the Agta hunter-gatherers regularly climbed trees to gather honey, an important element in their diets. More specifically, they observed that the climbers “walked” up small trees by applying the soles of their feet directly to the trunk and progressing upward, with arms and legs advancing alternately. To do this successfully, they said, required extreme dorsiflexion, or bending the foot upward toward the shin to a degree not normally possible among most modern humans.
They tested their hypothesis by conducting ultrasound imaging of the fibers of the large calf muscles of individuals in all four groups. The results showed that the Agta and Twa tree-climbers had significantly longer muscle fibers than those of their agricultural counterparts and other “industrialized” modern humans. It demonstrated that a foot and ankle bone structure adapted primarily for walking upright on land does not necessarily exclude climbing as a behaviorally habitual means of mobility for survival.
The implications for our possible early human ancestors, such as the species Australopithecus afarensis, are significant. Australopithecus afarensis is an extinct hominid that lived between 3.
How Old is the Earth
Exploring the wonders of geology in response to young-Earth claims Please read my guidelines and background posts before proceeding! Note the strong peak at 4. If you’re not familiar with this claim already, Andrew Snelling and colleagues in the RATE team have decided to brush away the overwhelming evidence of an old Earth from geochronology by suggesting that at several points in Earth’s 6, year history, rates of nuclear decay increased by a million times or more, leaving us with the false impression that geological history spans millions to billions of years instead.
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These are K-Ar data obtained on glauconite, a potassium-bearing clay mineral that forms in some marine sediment. Woodmorappe fails to mention, however, that these data were obtained as part of a controlled experiment to test, on samples of known age, the applicability of the K-Ar method to glauconite and to illite, another clay mineral. He also neglects to mention that most of the 89 K-Ar ages reported in their study agree very well with the expected ages.
Evernden and others 43 found that these clay minerals are extremely susceptible to argon loss when heated even slightly, such as occurs when sedimentary rocks are deeply buried. As a result, glauconite is used for dating only with extreme caution. The ages from the Coast Range batholith in Alaska Table 2 are referenced by Woodmorappe to a report by Lanphere and others Whereas Lanphere and his colleagues referred to these two K-Ar ages of and million years, the ages are actually from another report and were obtained from samples collected at two localities in Canada, not Alaska.
There is nothing wrong with these ages; they are consistent with the known geologic relations and represent the crystallization ages of the Canadian samples. The Liberian example Table 2 is from a report by Dalrymple and others